Grouping locations and multi-orders
To reduce the time to complete the route, you can combine some orders. You can combine them manually by grouping locations. If orders are located at the same address (for example, a shopping mall or an apartment building), they can be automatically combined into one multi-order.
When you build routes, you often need to deliver multiple orders by one courier. It might be important that all orders are completed by one vehicle. For example, if you have a chain of delivery, where your courier needs to take an order to a point, get the delivery documents there, and then bring them to the office.
You can group orders in RouteQ using the
location_groups option. Orders are added to the group by their IDs. The order sequence that's set in the group doesn't matter: when planning, the algorithm can arrange the orders in any sequence.
You can specify a name for each order group. This does not affect routing, but allows you to assign convenient names to groups.
Group properties for setting up planning:
truevalue specifies that the group can't be broken up: orders in it must be delivered without other orders between them. Order sequence within the group isn't fixed. For example, this property is often used if a cargo taxi has to deliver cargo from one point to another, and a new order can't be added to the vehicle before unloading. Default value:
truevalue specifies that the group is indivisible: all orders must either be completed or (if at least one order can't be delivered) set to unassigned. Default value:
In this sample, two vehicles carry orders across 8 points. Since the
location_groups option is not used, RouteQ builds the optimal route.
This example uses the same input data as Example 1, but orders 7 and 8 are combined into one group. RouteQ assigns these orders to one vehicle. The resulting route is less optimal in terms of metrics, but meets the delivery requirements.
8 orders are divided into 3 groups, each of which includes orders from a single customer. It's specified that the groups can't be broken up: the
options.location_groups.solid property is set to
true. The route doesn't mix the locations of different clients: first, client 1's orders are delivered, then client 2's, and finally, client 3's.
8 orders are divided into 2 groups. The value
true. This means that if at least one order from the group can't be fulfilled, the entire group is reset.
The total weight of the first group of orders is 250 kg, and the total weight of the second group is 450 kg. Due to the limited load capacity (600 kg), the courier can't deliver two indivisible groups of orders in one route, so the algorithm resets one of the groups.
Orders located at the same address can be automatically combined into one multi-order. The combining algorithm takes into account geographical proximity and the possibility to deliver the orders at the same time and with one vehicle or courier, as well as tags, carrying capacity, and delivery priority.
To ensure that orders located at the same address are combined into one multi-order (taking into account other restrictions), set the option
true. In this case, orders can be combined into one multi-order even if there is a waiting time between them (by default, the option
The proximity of the orders is determined by the
multiorder_radius_m option (1 m by default). The value should not be too high so that orders located in neighboring buildings do not get combined into a multi-order. In such cases, it is better to use the Delivery with vehicle parking before the walking part of the route scenario for planning.
By default, time for parking or delivering documents
shared_service_duration_s is tracked once for the entire multi-order. However, if there is a waiting time between orders (orders have different time windows and the courier completes the handover of one order before starting the next one), the handling time
shared_service_duration_s can be tracked separately for each order. To do this, disable the waiting option
false. To take into account the time
shared_service_duration_s separately for a specific order, disable the option
false for that order. Learn more about order time tracking in Handover time.
During planning, the algorithm will try to reduce the number of return visits to multi-order addresses. The API response includes the following metrics:
multiorders_extra_points: The number of multi-order addresses which couriers visited more than once.
multiorders_extra_visits: The number of return visits to multi-order addresses.
multiorders_extra_vehicles: The number of couriers who revisited multi-order addresses.
You can apply the following penalties for return visits:
options.penalty.multiorders.per_extra_point: For each multi-order address which had to be visited again.
options.penalty.multiorders.per_extra_visit: For each return visit to a multi-order address.
options.penalty.multiorders.per_extra_vehicle: For each courier who returns to a multi-order address.
The vehicle delivers three orders. Orders 1 and 2 are delivered to the same address and combined in a multi-order.
The vehicle delivers three orders. Orders 1 and 2 are delivered to the same address and combined in a multi-order. By default,
true, and the handling time is tracked once. There is a waiting time due to the difference in time windows between these orders, and orders 1 and 2 aren't visually combined into one multi-order, but order 2 has the parameter
true in the API response.
The same orders are delivered as in example 2.1, but the option
false. Orders 1 and 2 weren't combined into one multi-order (
false for order 2), and the service time is tracked separately for each order.
Orders 1, 2, and 3 have to to be delivered to the same address. Order 4 has to be delivered to a different address. Each order weighs 500 kg. The carrying capacity of the car is only 1200 kg, so the car makes two runs. It first delivers orders 1 and 2, and then delivers orders 3 and 4.
The algorithm combined orders 1 and 2 into a multi-order, despite the fact that
false (by default). Since it took 2 runs to deliver order 3, the penalty is the following: 10 units for the address that had to be revisited, and 1000 units for the return visit to the multi-order address.